Repozitorij Medicinskog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

Samoprocjena zdravlja učenika i socioekonomsko okruženje [Pupils’ subjective health and socioeconomic surrounding]

Pavić Šimetin, Ivana (2011) Samoprocjena zdravlja učenika i socioekonomsko okruženje [Pupils’ subjective health and socioeconomic surrounding]. PhD thesis, Sveučilište u Zagrebu.

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    Croatian abstract

    Cilj: Analizirati nejednakosti u subjektivnom doživljaju zdravlja učenika u odnosu na socioekonomska okruženja. ----- Materijali i metode: Hrvatski uzorak (2439 učenika i 2526 učenica, 11, 13 i 15 godina) iz međunarodnog HBSC istraživanja, 2006. godina, i podaci iz Popisa stanovništva, 2001. godina. Analizirano modelima (multivarijatne) logističke regresije prema dobi i spolu. ----- Rezultati: Pozitivnom subjektivnom doživljaju zdravlja doprinose visoki i/ili srednji osobni SES u odnosu na nizak (učenici 13 godina, učenice svih dobi); visok (petnaestogodišnje učenice) i srednji (petnaestogodišnji učenici i učenice) SES razrednih odjela u odnosu na nizak; nizak SES razrednih odjela (jedanaestogodišnje učenice i trinaestogodišnji učenici) u odnosu na srednji i visok; homogenost (učenice, 11 i 15 godina) odnosno heterogenost (učenici, 15 godina) razrednih odjela; gimnazije u odnosu na ostale vrste srednjih škola (oba spola); nizak SES makrookruženja (trinaestogodišnje učenice i petnaestogodišnjaci oba spola); združeno viši osobni SES i SES okruženja u odnosu na nizak SES osobni i okruženja (petnaestogodišnje učenice). Zdravstveno ponašanje koje najviše doprinosi pozitivnom subjektivnom doživljaju zdravlja učenika je nepušenje. Rjeđe opijanje i redovit doručak su zdravstvena ponašanja učenica koja najviše doprinose njihovu pozitivnom doživljaju zdravlja. ----- Zaključak: Povezanost socioekonomskih okruženja, pojedinačno i združeno, sa subjektivnim doživljajem zdravlja učenika izrazito ovisi o dobi i spolu učenika. Različitost socioekonomskih okruženja povećava nejednakost u subjektivnom doživljaju zdravlja učenika. Zdrava ponašanja doprinose pozitivnom doživljaju zdravlja učenika, tako da se njihova uloga može smatrati zaštitnom.

    English abstract

    Aim: To examine the inequalities in pupils’ subjective health connected to socioeconomic surrounding and health behaviours. ----- Materials and Methods: The Croatian sample (2,439 male and 1,630 female, age 11, 13 and 15) from international HBSC survey (2006) and Croatian census data (2001) were used. Logistic regression (multivariate) analysis was conducted (95% confidence intervals). ----- Results: Favourable subjective health was connected to: individual SES high/medium compared to low (13-year-old boys, girls all ages), school-class level SES high (15-year-old boys) and medium (15-year-olds, both sexes) compared to low, school-class level SES low compared to medium/high (11-year-old girls, 13-year-old boys), school-class homogeneity (11-year-old and 13-year-old girls) and heterogeneity (15-year-old boys), gymnasiums compared to other school types (both sexes), area level SES low compared to medium and high (girls age 13, both sexes age 15), combined higher SES (individual, school-class and area level) compared to combined low SES (15-year-old girls). Healthy behaviour which mostly contributed to boys' favourable subjective health was non-smoking; rare drunkenness and regular breakfast mostly contributed to girls' favourable subjective health. ----- Conclusion: Influence of independent and combined socioeconomic surroundings on subjective health depended on pupils' gender and age. Differences in socioeconomic surroundings enlarged inequality in pupils' subjective health. Healthy behaviours, contributing to favourable subjective health, had protective role.

    Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
    Mentor: Kern, Josipa
    Divisions: Izvan medicinskog fakulteta
    Depositing User: Marijan Šember
    University: Sveučilište u Zagrebu
    Institution: Medicinski fakultet
    Number of Pages: 84
    Status: Unpublished
    Creators:
    CreatorsEmail
    Pavić Šimetin, Ivana
    Date: 28 July 2011
    Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2011 12:38
    Last Modified: 14 Oct 2011 12:38
    Subjects: /
    Related URLs:
      URI: http://medlib.mef.hr/id/eprint/1352

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